George J. Bugh
Jan 12, 2021
A decrease in Gluon frequency might explain why Nucleons enlarge inside
This author's background has originally been in electronics engineering and only recently I came across two science papers about changes in the size of nucleons related to the size of the nucleus:
Physicists have known for some time about individual nucleons having an increased size when they are in more massive nuclei. This seems related to something Bob Lazar said many years ago; that the nuclear strong force between quarks has a wave nature and that within the nucleus of very heavy elements it can become more accessible. That implies the force carriers have a lower frequency with a longer wavelength. Here is some background information. The nucleon per Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleon
and physics, a nucleon is either a proton or a neutron,
considered in its role as a component of an atomic nucleus."
The neutron and the proton are each believed to be made up of quarks and the
quarks are bound together by the nuclear strong force. The force carrier for
the nuclear strong force is the gluon.
A gluon per Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gluon
"A gluon (/ˈɡluːɒn/) is an elementary particle that acts
as the exchange particle (or gauge boson) for the strong force between quarks.
It is analogous to the exchange of photons in the electromagnetic force between
two charged particles. In layman's terms, they "glue" quarks
together, forming hadrons such as protons and neutrons."
It is this author's contention that this force carrier binding quarks
together has a frequency and a wavelength. In fact, there is the possibility
that gluons are really just electromagnetic waves. If quarks have electric charge and are
precessing then they would radiate and absorb at their frequency of precession.
Quarks would naturally move to positions where their precessional motions and
exchanged emissions are in phase with each other, like maybe 1/4 or 1/2 wavelength
spacing for example. If the quarks experienced external forces trying to force
them out of position then the exchanged emissions from their precessions would
apply strong forces pushing them back to where their precessions are in phase
with exchanged emissions.
There is a possibility that something about heavy elements causes the
precession frequency to decrease and so the quark spacing must enlarge for the
quarks to stay in positions where their precessional motions stay in phase with
their exchanged emissions. Then the question is; what about heavy elements
would cause a decrease in the frequency of precession of the quarks? Could
there be something about having a large cloud of electrons around the nucleus
that would lower the precession frequency, or might there be something about
being in the vicinity of many other nucleons in the nucleus that would lower
the precession frequency for all of them?
In a classical model of the atom, another possibility is that the orbital
electrons are all precessing and so radiating and absorbing to and from the
nucleus in phase in a way somewhat similar to laser cooling and this is causing
a change in the quark precession frequency and so a change in the size of the
In any case, the fact that physicists know there is a relationship between nucleon
size and the size of the element is significant. If Bob Lazar is correct that a
signal exchanged between quarks (and with a wave nature) becomes more accessible
in very heavy elements then there is the possibility that the frequencies
involved are low enough that the nucleons not only share each other's space but
also share space with the electrons in orbitals around each nucleus. Is this
what makes the signal accessible?
Technically speaking, whether a signal exchanged between quarks has a wavelenth of 1nm, 1um, 1mm or 1cm, this wavelenth itself shouldn't make itself accessible just by extending outside the nucleus. An extremely short wavelength should be accessible if it is at least partially uncompensated and if it has a frequency range that we have technology to interface to. So that means a signal with a wavelength in the millimeter to centimeter range should be accessible if it is not completely compensated or cancelled out by complimentary emissions between quarks. Back in the 1980's when Bob Lazar was witnessing this type of technology, it would more likely have been a signal with a frequency in the GHz range (millimeter to centimeter wavelength) within the device he was told was the power source.
It could be that some of the orbital electrons of some heavy elements are
unpaired so susceptible to electron spin resonance techniques at microwave
frequencies and then these electrons also have some kind of interaction with
the nucleons and act as intermediaries to allow access to the exchanged signals
between the quarks. In order for a pilot of a vehicle with an advanced propulsion system to not experience extreme G forces, it is necessary to interface with and modify the phase of
these signals exchanged between quarks in order to affect the inertia of the
atoms relative to all other atoms in the universe.
This is based on the theory that some of the quark exchange energy is not
just exchanged between quarks of each nucleon but also radiated away. Then an
equal portion of energy is also received from all other radiating quark motions
in the universe. This sets up a sea of standing waves. It is phase
differences between precessing quarks and the sea of standing waves that causes
the inertial force trying to keep quarks of nucleons in their positions.